No surprise and more can be found at https://www.languagemagazine.com/2017/10/study-reveals-bilinguals-use-emoticons-find-consensus/
When bilinguals “code-switch,” or alternate between two or more languages, they are changing how they communicate with respect to the words they choose, while adhering to the idea they intend to share.
A small-scale pilot study answering the following research questions:
- What are the relationships among receptive, productive, and aural vocabulary knowledge and L2 writing performance?
- What are the relationships among vocabulary use and L2 writing performance?
- How do stronger and weaker L2 writers differ in receptive/productive/aural vocabulary knowledge?
- How do stronger and weaker L2 writers differ in their use of vocabulary?