Conducting Research in the English Language


What Paradigms are there?  Read The research paradigm – methodology, epistemology and ontology – explained in simple language at


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Articles by Stephen D Krashen


Check out the many resources on language acquisition and reading at

Research Report: Facilitating Reading Acquisition in Multilingual Environments


Relevant reading for all educators in schools with multiple languages.  Find at

When Does Language Development Begin? Be Surprised!


Read  Language Development Starts in the Womb and download from


Summary: According to a NeuroReport study, children’s sensitivity to the rhythmic properties of language emerges in-utero. Researchers discovered changes in fetal heart rate when exposed to different languages, suggesting babies tend to ‘tune in’ to the language they are going to acquire before they are born.

Flipping the ESL Classroom: A Study


Great article article_Han_98-109_NYSTJ_Vol2Iss1_Jan2015 (1)

Excerpt of the abstract:

One of the most significant current discussions in education is that of the flipped classroom. According to Bergmann and Sams (2012) and Strayer (2007), a paradigm shift from the traditional educational model to a pedagogy-centered approach has received considerable attention, and extensive research and practice have been carried out in the field of classroom flipping (Fulton, 2012; Moravec, Williams, Aguilar-Roca, & O’Dowd, 2010; Pierce & Fox, 2012). Research on classroom flipping, however, has mostly focused on general subject areas, such as biology (Moravec et al., 2010), mathematics (Fulton, 2012), and pharmacotherapy (Pierce & Fox, 2012), rather than language learning. Therefore, its effectiveness in the English language teaching (ELT) setting still remains untapped. This paper introduces a flipped classroom model for an adult community English language program in the United States in 2013. A new course structure was designed by combining Nation’s (2007) “four strands” approach and Strayer’s (2007) theoretical framework of flipped learning. As the semester came to an end, a positive impact on learner autonomy among the ESL students was witnessed. Based on this experience, this paper aims to present a theoretical model of flipped learning in second language acquisition by exploring how the model provides a platform for successful language leaning and results in the significant development of learner autonomy.

Brand New Action Research Narrated PPT: ESL Collaborative Strategic Reading


By one of my graduate students:

Brand New Action Research Narrated PPT: Sentence Frames in ESL Classrooms


By one of my graduate students:

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