The Best Language for Math Confusing English Number Words Are Linked to Weaker Skills

12/09/2014

Reblogged from: http://online.wsj.com/articles/the-best-language-for-math-1410304008
Many languages are much clearer in math instruction than English. English is, in my opinion, in many ways an ambiguous language in depth and clarity, compared to other languages. Read more here about this topic…


A teacher Reflects on How to Create Language Objectives

10/02/2014

“Preparing Language Objectives”, broke the process into a number of manageable steps. These are as follows:
1. Determine key technical vocabulary and concept words. This includes name of people, places, and events, comparative words, sequential words and words with prefixes or suffixes.
An example : Students will be able to determine terms chemical reaction, reagent and physical change orally and in writing.
2. Consider language functions. One would need to use active verbs such as explain, review, justify, rephrase, note, report, and describe.
An example: Students will be able to devise questions and generate hypotheses before conducting an experiment.
3. Describe which language skills are needed. You should use words such as read, list, edit, discuss, research, list and so on.
An example: Students will be able to create a lab report.
4. Identify possible grammar or language structure connections. Examples are as follows: question patterns, sentence structure, punctuation practice, and writing in paragraphs.
An example: Students will be able to use adverbs of time in their lab reports to describe observations.
5. Consider the lesson tasks students need to complete. These need to include components such as “read, take notes, understand graphs, gather information from chards, and writing essays”.
An example: Students will be able to read and summarize a passage with peers and then teach the important information to another student.
6. Explore possible language learning strategies to share in the lesson. “Preview, predict, plan, reflect, make analogies, write down key words, and ask questions” would be included.
An example: Students will able to represent data graphically.
Another article on the same topic provided me with an “Active Verb Bank to Name Functions for Expressive Language Tasks”. Awesome! Specific action verbs are definitely needed when writing effective language objectives. A language objective frame was also summarized in this article. It looked like this.
Students will (function: active verb phrase using (language target) .
Students will use (language target) to (function: active verb phrase) .
This article also taught me some sample noun phrases specifying language targets. Some examples include “academic vocabulary, complete sentences, subject verb agreement” and so on.
Because these articles were very specific, they provided me with a framework for something I find intimidating. Writing both content and language objectives can be overwhelming but learning to do it successfully will provide me with a body of wealth. We had a very detailed conversation under my forum post. Obviously, I am still working on developing objectives!!
Another site I linked to was Colorin’ Colorado! This is such a resourceful site. The Article, “Language Objectives: The Key to Effective Content Area Instruction for English Learners” was especially helpful to me. The BIG question, “What do general education classroom teachers need to do in order to support the academic English development of language learners?” was posed. In the article, it stated that teachers of ELLs needed to create and post language objectives for their lessons. Honestly, I don’t think most classroom teachers know this is a necessity in ensuring the success of our ELLs. In addition, it’s just one more thing “to add to their plate”. I do believe, however, that once they apply these basic techniques for writing language objectives that they will see how successful it is in assisting our ELLs to learn both content and language at the same time. I have to share an example of how language objectives might look:
CONTENT AREA STANDARD – Students know that matter has 3 forms: solid, liquid, and gas.
CONTENT OBJECTIVE – Students will be able to distinguish between liquids, solids, and gases and provide an example of each.
LANGUAGE OBJECTIVE – Students will be able to ORALLY DESCRIBE characteristics of liquids, solids, and gases to a partner.


Language Objectives: The Key to Effective Content Area Instruction for English Learners

26/06/2013

5
Overview:

what a language objective is
steps that teachers can take to create language objectives
how to implement language objectives in a general education classroom
how to align objectives to content and language standards
ideas and resources on how to support teachers as they become familiar with this practice.


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Video by Teacher: How to Create ESL Language Objectives for Mainstream Classrooms

06/02/2013


P-12: How do Content Teachers Create ESL Language Objectives?

05/02/2013

Have you ever wondered how to write language objectives for your content lesson objectives? A teacher just like you created videos for you and others to learn how to do this. Created in EDU 580
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