Interrupted Education: Learning to read and write rewires adult brain in six months


Read at  Excerpt:

Rewired brains

By the end of the study, the team saw significant changes in the brains of the people who had learned to read and write. These individuals showed an increase in brain activity in the cortex, the outermost layer of the brain, which is involved in learning.


Did You Know? About Being Bilingual


Read the NPR article reporting on research 6 Potential Brain Benefits Of Bilingual Education at  Excerpt:

 Jennifer Steele at American University conducted a four-year, randomized trial and found that these dual-language students outperformed their peers in English-reading skills by a full school year’s worth of learning by the end of middle school.

Bilingualism and the Brain: Alterations Abound


Read more about a study in Being bilingual alters your brain. Here’s how at  Excerpt:

Kroll told Quartz this study is a great example of how being bilingual can improve speakers’ cognitive abilities. “Babies who are listening to two languages [growing up] become attuned to those two languages right away,” said Kroll. “It’s not confusing them or messing them up developmentally—the opposite is true.”

This rewiring doesn’t happen the same way in every bilingual brain—it’s different for each person, just as each person has their own language experience. But Kroll’s research demonstrates that no matter how effortlessly other bilinguals may seem to switch between their two tongues, there’s a lot going on under the hood. That should come as a small relief for anyone attempting to pick up a new language.

Grandma Told You so. Or Fire and Wire


Research about the importance of repetition for learning in Repetition a key factor in language learning at  Excerpt: The dissertation is available online in this website:

Research on Language Speech Production



,,,neuroscientists have now identified a predictive textlike brain mechanism that helps us to anticipate what is coming next when we hear someone speaking. The findings, publishedthis week in PLoS Biology, advance our understanding of how the brain processes speech. They also provide clues about how language evolved, and could even lead to new ways of diagnosing a variety of neurological conditions more accurately.

Read more in The Brain Has Its Own “Autofill” Function for Speech at

to learn about this interesting mechanism.  I would like to know how it works for non-native speakers.

What happens in the brain when you learn a language?


Results of a study.  Excerpt:

The Swedish MRI study showed that learning a foreign language has a visible effect on the brain. Young adult military recruits with a flair for languages learned Arabic, Russian or Dari intensively, while a control group of medical and cognitive science students also studied hard, but not at languages. MRI scans showed specific parts of the brains of the language students developed in size whereas the brain structures of the control group remained unchanged. Equally interesting was that learners whose brains grew in the hippocampus and areas of the cerebral cortex related to language learning had better language skills than other learners for whom the motor region of the cerebral cortex developed more.

Read more here at

Brain study: Motor cortex contributes to word comprehension


From Science Daily:


These new findings suggest that language-specialised brain areas work in constant interaction with other areas known to support other cognitive processes, such as perception and action. The resulting distributed meaning representations act as dynamic cortical networks rather than a series of specialised modules as suggested by traditional theories.

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